Running head: TITLE OF PAPER 1

Title of Your Essay

Your Name

Course Number & Title

Instructor’s Name

Month Day, Year


Title of Your Essay

Start the first paragraph here. It should introduce your reader to the subject you are

writing about, as well as your particular position or claim. Before you can create your first

paragraph, consider these “pre-writing” tips. You can use this template to help you format your

paper. For longer papers, include sub-headings or levels of heading.

The writing process

Spend time planning your paper. A good practice is to brainstorm ideas and decide how

to express the main idea or thesis. Once you have a rough idea of what you want to say or argue,

create an outline or list to help you organize the evidence you plan to present. For more

suggestions, please read about thesis statements on our Ashford Writing Center website: Thesis

Statements. Other helpful tools on our website are the Thesis Generator and Moving from

Prompt to Thesis.

Writing the body paragraphs

Each paragraph of your assignment should be clear and easy to follow. We have several

good resources to help you write a strong paragraph, such as How to Write a Good Paragraph

and the P.I.E. Paragraph Structure.

Using citations correctly

In addition to being well-written, each paragraph should include an in-text citation to all

ideas, references, or quotations that are from outside sources and research. The Ashford Writing

Center provides many resources to help you follow correct citation style (primarily APA) and

gives lessons and examples of how to paraphrase and cite sources. The APA Key Elements page

is a good place to start.



The following are commonly used references. Please fill in the required information, and if you

need more help, see the AWC References page. References are listed in alphabetical order.

Ashford Textbook (Online edition): *

Author, A. (Year published). Title of book: Subtitle of book (edition, if other than the first)

[Electronic version]. Retrieved from from URL

Example: Witt, G. A., & Mossler, R. A. (2010). Adult development and life assessment [Electronic

version]. Retrieved from

Online Journal Article (such as from the Ashford Library):**

Author, A. (Year Published). Article title. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), page range. doi:# or

Retrieved from journal’s homepage URL

**When including a URL for an online journal, you must search for the journal’s home page and

include this in your reference entry. You may not include the URL found through your

university library, as readers will not have access to this library.

Examples: Churchill, S. D., & Mruk, C. J. (2014). Practicing what we preach in humanistic and positive

psychology. American Psychologist, 69(1), 90-92. doi:10.1037/a0034868

Santovec, M. (2008). Easing the transition improves grad retention at Trinity U. Women in

Higher Education, 17(10), 32. Retrieved from



Online Magazine:*

Author, A. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Magazine Title. Retrieved from URL

Example: Walk, V. (2013, April 29). Can this woman fix Europe? Time. Retrieved from,9171,213969.html

YouTube Video:*

Author, A. [Screen name]. (Year, Month, Day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL

Example: Apsolon, M. [markapsolon]. (2011, September 9). Real ghost girl caught on video tape 14

[Video file]. Retrieved from

Web Page:*

Author, A. (Year, Month, Date Published). Article title. Retrieved from URL

Example—Corporate web page: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2008). Police and detectives. Retrieved


Example—Article or section within web page with no author: Presentation tools. (n.d.). Retrieved from


*Please delete the headers and notes in this document before submitting your assignment.