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A minimum of 100 words each and References Response (#1 – 6) KEEP RESPONSE WITH ANSWER EACH ANSWER NEED TO HAVE A SCHOLARY SOURCE with a Hyperlink

Make sure the Responses includes the Following: (a) an understanding of the weekly content as supported by a scholarly resource, (b) the provision of a probing question. (c) stay on topic

 

1. Quantities of data have been gathered about moods to disorders of moods, but clinicians still have yet to fully understand it all (Comer, 2018). People’s moods have been known to come and go, but for some, their moods reflect their interactions with the world. This has been known to affect their normal daily functioning. Most people experience mild dissociation like daydreaming, but can become severe when there is a lack of connection in a persons thoughts, memories, feelings or actions (Comer, 2018). People with dissociation disorders tend to escape reality in involuntary and unhealthy ways (drugs.com).

Treatment for dissociative disorders may include psychotherapy and medication, but signs and symptoms depend of the type of dissociative disorder. Diagnosis involves assessments like physical and psychiatric exams, however, dissociative disorders is among the most challenging of mental disorders to disgnose and treat (Kluft, 1999).

2. Multiple personality disorder has a least two or more distinct personality states that take full control of the person (Rosik, 1992). Multiple personality may be hard to diagnose. There are different things to look out for such as time lapses, blank spells, depressed mood, voices in head, handwriting in their possession that they do not recognize, and other factors (Rosik, 1992). People sometimes may exaggerate symptoms for whatever reason but there are clinical tests that are used to help ensure that there is a proper diagnosis. Test that a clinician may use is the Personality Assessment Inventory scale, Negative Impression Management that helps detect exaggeration symptoms like memory and the multiple personalities (Brand, Weberman,Snyder, & Kalush, 2019).Another test that is used is the TOMM which is a visual recognition test that is given over a period of time to help test for genuine memory loss (Brand et. al, 2019)

 

3. Someone with this type of disorder will not be faking it. These people are fighting something inside themselves and trying to figure out who they are. “Switching is usually triggered by a stressful event, although clinicians can also bring about the change with hypnotic suggestion (Comer, 2018).” A clinician can show someone that a person can change their identity right away by using hypnotic therapy. This type of therapy will help show others that these people are not faking it. This therapy makes the person think of a situation that can trigger them and their personality will change right away. Clinicians believe that this disorder is very rare and that someone might get this disorder after a trauma or certain abuse occurred to them.

 

 

4. According to the textbook women are twice as likely as men to develop unipolar depression (Comer, 2018). One reason that women have a higher rate of depression then men is because women internalize symptoms whereas men externalize symptoms (Albert, 2015). Women have a lot more factors that play into their mood as estrogen level changes. Pregnancy and the stress of it along with other life stressors that women experience compared to men also play a factor as to why the numbers for depression in women are higher than men. Women also experience changes in hormones due to childbirth such as postpartum depression that may contribute to the increase in numbers compared to men. Symptoms that women experience due to their premenstrual cycle may be anxiety, mood changes, headaches, and irritability. Some Women are also at risk of premenstrual dysphoric disorder when their premenstrual symptoms cross the line (Depression, 2020 ).

 

5. I agree with you that women have different factors that can lead to them having depression. Women have more factors than men do because they go through so much. The women’s body is constantly changing or going through something that makes their mood change. Some of these changes can lead to depression if they do not take care of them the right way. Do you think some women choose to keep these feelings inside and not share them or are they scared to share them?

 

6. There are several theories about why women are more likely to be diagnosed with depression. Artifact theory states that both women and men are equally prone to depression but clinicians fail diagnosing men more often. The hormone explanation states that hormonal changes trigger depression in women. The life stress theory states women are generally under more stress than men. The body dissatisfaction theory is about the pressure Western women especially are under regarding small body size and shape. The lack of control theory is about women feeling less in control of their lives than men. Finally, the rumination  theory believes that women ruminate more than men which causes depression (Comer, 208). I believe all the theories have some validity but, I lean more towards the artifact theory. Women have more opportunity to see clinicians. They see clinicians for birth control, during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum care, and then if they have children they also see pediatricians who may ask after their welfare. Many men may only go to the doctor when they are sick. The primary reason for the visit would be sickness not screening for depression. Because men may exhibit anger as a sign of depression it may be more difficult for them to accept they are depressed. Like dissociative disorders, diagnosing depression in men may take some extra digging and evidence gathering before the diagnosis is accepted.