Reflect Of The Course
Reflect on what you have learned in class, what we have discussed, and what you have read. As of result of having taken this course have your views changed? How? Please explain.
two pages (double spaced).
Please use a 12-point Times New Roman font
one inch margins all round.
You will be graded based on:
- how well the reflection explains your own thinking and learning process(es), as well as implications for future learning;
- the in-depth analysis of your learning experience, the value of the derived learning to self or others;
- how well you articulate multiple connections between this learning experience and content from this course (and other related courses), past learning, life experiences and/or future goals.
The book is attached bellow:
Individual Behavior, Personality, and values
Upon completion of this lecture/discussion, you will be able to:
Define behavior, personality, and values.
List and describe the four elements of the MARS Model.
Identify and describe 5 types of individual behavior.
Describe the Schwartz Values Model.
Describe how personality and values affect individual behavior.
MARS MODEL OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR
Individual behavior and results (BAR)
Emotions & attitudes
TYPES OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR
Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCBs)
Counterproductive Work Behaviors
Joining and Staying in Organizations
Maintaining Work Attendance
PERSONALITY IN ORGANIZATIONS
Personality – relatively enduring patterns of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that characterize a person, along with the psychological processes behind those characteristics.
NATURE vs NURTURE OF PERSONALITY
Influenced by nature
Heredity explains about 50 percent of behavioral tendencies
Influenced by nurture
Personality stabilizes in young adulthood
Self-concept gets clearer, more stable with age
Executive function regulates behavior
But some traits change throughout life
FIVE-FACTOR PERSONALITY MODEL (CANOE)
open to experience
FIVE-FACTOR PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR
JUNGIAN PERSONALITY THEORY
Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung
Model includes preferences for perceiving the environment and obtaining and processing information
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
Measures Jungian types
Most widely used personality test in business
Good for self-awareness and other awareness
Poor predictor of performance, leadership, team development
JUNGIAN & MYERS-BRIGGS TYPES
VALUES IN THE WORKPLACE
Stable, evaluative beliefs that guide our preferences
Define right and wrong, good and bad: what we “ought” to do
Direct our motivation, potentially decisions and behavior
Value system: hierarchy of values
Compared with personality, values are:
Evaluative (not descriptive)
May conflict strongly with each other
Affected more by nurture than nature
SCHWARTZ’S VALUES MODEL
PERSONAL VALUES AND BEHAVIOR
How personal values influence decisions and behavior:
Affect the relative attractiveness of choices
Act consistently with self-concept and public image
Why personal values fail to influence decisions and behavior:
Situation—interferes with values-consistent behavior
Awareness (salience)—relevance of values isn’t obvious
Values are abstract
Routine behavior makes us less mindful of values consistency
Similarity of a person’s values hierarchy to another source
Importance of values congruence
Team values congruence—higher team cohesion and performance
Person–organization values congruence—higher job satisfaction, loyalty, and organizational citizenship, lower stress and turnover
VALUES ACROSS CULTURES