Classmate 1:

Reconstruction after the Civil War was required. The country had been destroyed, and there was

a ton to be done to recuperate the Union and take it back to a point where it could become more

grounded. The economy of the South was almost non-existent. Families were a small amount of

the size they were before the war. Basically, the South was injured. It must be recreated.

However the procedure of recreation was mishandled the same number of utilized it to rebuff the

South, the liberated slaves, and to expand their own pockets. It was an opportunity to expand

individual riches and influence from the individuals who were down on their karma, frantic, or

excessively uninformed on the most proficient method to secure themselves. Reconstruction was

a respectable trial that didn’t satisfy its maximum capacity. Its expectations were outstanding, yet

the outcomes were debased.


President Abraham Lincoln had his own arrangement of remaking as a primary concern while he

was president. He would not like to rebuff the South exorbitantly. He needed the country

recuperated and more grounded than at any other time. Be that as it may, John Wilkes Booth

removed that from the country when he put a projectile into the President’s head. VP Andrew

Johnson climbed to the respectable office of President of the United States and made his own

type of remaking that incorporated a promise of unwaveringness to the Nation and the abrogation

of subjugation that Southern states were required to take before they could be readmitted to the

Nation. Johnson was resolved that the Southern states comprehend that the Union was not to be

altered later on. In the event that they needed go into the country all in all with all the benefits,

they needed to disavow their longing to be independent. That would incorporate tolerating the

way that subjugation was perpetually gone.


The Southern states may have thought they had it terrible, yet the previous slaves were

discovering rapidly that the reproduction would have been challenging for them. They were

abruptly not slaves, however I don’t get that’s meaning for them? They had no clue what to do

now or how to approach turning out to be non-slaves. Cutoff points were put on what number of

previous slaves could push toward the West. The South wouldn’t let the free blacks become a

piece of society. They were resolved to keep it near the manner in which it used to by actualizing

remorseless and extreme dark code laws with the plan to “control or reimpose the old social

structure.The rights the slaves thought they had with their liberation was rapidly being removed

by the individual states. The silver covering was dulling at a somewhat snappy pace. The Federal

government had the option to support a few, yet the aftereffects of that help were restricted. The

Civil Rights Act of 1866 just went up until now. The dark codes kept every one of the

individuals who were previous slaves and their relatives in another type of subjugation which

included life as hirelings and presented share-trimming which turned into an authoritative

document of servitude the South was happy to acknowledge. Be that as it may, the previous

slaves despite everything had more opportunity than they did from an administration stance.

They could now cast a ballot. The reconstruction of the country after the war was essential,



however at long last, the previous slaves wound up back as being lower class residents with

limitations forced every step of the way. They were free lawfully, however their opportunity was

seriously reduced. They were not equivalent to the white man. That needed to hold up an

additional hundred years. Subjugation had authoritatively been nullified, however it was as yet

fit as a fiddle.



– Reconstruction 1865- 1877 (pg 533- 534)

– The Battle over Political Reconstruction (pg 535)

-Lincoln’s Wartime Reconstruction Plan (pg 536)

– The Assassination of Lincoln (pg 538)




Classmate 2:

This post will look at the argument about the Emancipation Proclamation not being an

effective moral or legal document but being an excellent political document. The timing and

wording were done for specific reasons, and had they been done differently may not have

worked. Lincoln thought out the process and executed the proclamation in a very smart way,

weakening the Confederacy while keeping the Union intact.

Lincoln’s decision in July 1862 that Emancipation was “a military necessity, absolutely

necessary to the preservation of the Union.” Stemmed from the South’s use of many of the 3.5

million slaves to aid in the war efforts. He was advised well by Secretary of State William

Seward to wait until after a battle was one to announce it to not appear weak (Shi, p. 500) The

victory at Antietam provided that opportunity.

Lincoln did not believe he had the Constitutional power to dissolve slavery, but that each

state had the right to decide. Having seceded from the Union, the Confederacy technically did

not fall under the protections of the Constitution at that time. Lincoln worded the Emancipation

Proclamation in a way not to hurt the efforts of the Confederate military, but not lose the support

of the border states still in the Union that still allowed slavery. His statement “military necessity”

made sure to set that stage but including “an act of justice” helped pave the way for future

abolition of slavery (Shi, p. 502-503).

The Emancipation Proclamation had the desired effect, although there was some backlash.

Under the Militia Act (Shi, p.507) slaves who were set free could join the Army. Many joined

the Union Army while others supported as laborers. While they were not treated or paid equally,

180,000 joined and fought as part of the Bureau of Colored Troops (Shi, p. 507), significantly

aiding the Union efforts. Another positive effect of the Emancipation Proclamation was it

undermined the Confederacy’s attempts to get support from Europe. But not all effects were

helpful. Politically President Lincoln took a lot of abuse by northern Democrats who disapproved

of freeing slaves. Lincoln held his ground, and responded admirably, “You say you will not fight

to free negroes, some of them seem willing to fight for you; but, no matter. Fight you, then,

exclusively to save the Union. I issued the proclamation on purpose to aid you in saving the

Union.” (Shi, p. 504). The wording he chose enabled Union military objectives, preventing

losing support of the border states, yet started the freeing of slaves that later led to a

Constitutional Amendment abolishing slavery.

You can see how legally there were issues since he could not end slavery under the

Constitution. By wording it the way he did, and using it for the purpose of military necessity, he

gained an advantage in the war and started the chain of events that led to the abolishment of

slavery. Morals had less to do with it at this point. Had it been pushed for moral reasons; it

would have failed. But the end result remained the same, the end of slavery. Politically, President

Lincoln masterminded a plan, and timed it’s release that weakened his enemy and saved the

Union. He was able to do so without losing Union slave states support but set the stage for the

future abolishment of slavery. President Lincoln saved the Union through masterful use of policy

and politics.