Mental Health : Covid-19 and Quarantine

Title :Mental Health : Covid-19 and Quarantine

 

: Questions

 

  • Describe the health issue that you have selected to work with in this course.

  • Describe the biological nature of the issue (that is, the mechanisms by which the identified public health issue causes disease/illness)

  • Discuss the environmental influences of the issue on human health

  • Provide a discussion of the methods used to collect data on the health issue with an emphasis on informatics related to the issue. This section must include a discussion of incidence & prevalence rates

  • Discuss behavioral/cultural/other human factors that can impact (positively or negatively) the disorder

  • Examine any disparities related to this illness

  • What ethical issues are inherent in the public health issue you have selected?

 

Instructions:

 

  • Be certain to justify your answer

  • APA style format

  • Must be double-spaced with 1-inch margins and typed in 12-point Times New Roman.

  • You must cite all texts used, including page numbers to avoid plagiarism

  • Include the following ; Title Page , Introduction , thesis statement, Reference Page, and Conclusion

  • Check for  Grammatical Errors :Sentence Structure ,Verb Tense and Agreement ,Pronoun Use Possessive Use ,Punctuation ,Spelling ,Focus and Organization

 

Additional information :

 

As Covid-19 continues been a serious pandemic in the world, issues of anxiety, fear of uncertainties, worries, depression, isolation, sadness, and frustration continue increasing mental health problems in the larger population. For example, for a long period schools have been closed causing damage to the young children and young adults who enjoy been in school. The closure of universities and colleges has caused mental issue to young adults in different ways. For instance, some young people had ambitions of finishing school and become important people in the country. However, upon closure of schools, such students have become hopeless in life leading to engagement in substance abuse which would result in mental issues. Also, the anxiety of going back to school, fear of fate, frustrations, and lack of direction have affected the mental health of most young people. According to Panchal (2021), almost 56% of young adults of ages 18-24 have been reported suffering from symptoms of anxiety, depressive disorders, continued frustrations, and sadness.

The old adults are also heavily affected by the covid-19 pandemic. The statements from the World Health Organization on the effect of Covid-19 on people aged 65 and above have inserted fear and anxiety among these individuals leading to mental challenges Methanol and Arizona, (2020). An individual under this bracket of age can even have suicidal thoughts after contracting the disease as they know they cannot recover. In other situations, people are losing their loved ones due to Corona Virus making them suffer continued sadness which would result in mental problems. For example, approximately 40% of old adults have symptoms of anxiety and depressive disorders that would lead to mental problems (Czeisler et al, 2020). In another category, the essential workers like doctors, and nurses continue suffering from mental problems due to the daily traumatic condition due to Covid-19 patients. For example, almost 40% of essential workers have shown signs of anxiety or depressive disorders which would result in mental illnesses.

Directives on quarantine are necessary as they reduce contracting the disease. However, research has shown that quarantined people suffer isolation and loneliness. Also, the quarantined people feel unworthy among other people which would lead to suicidal thoughts. In research done, 13.6% vs 9.6%, 13.3% vs 9.2% suffered depression and anxiety respectively where the higher percentage was recorded among those quarantined (Wang, et al, 2021). Therefore, mental illness is a public concern during the covid-19 pandemic which requires the right attention.

References

Czeisler, M. É., Lane, R. I., Petrosky, E., Wiley, J. F., Christensen, A., Njai, R., … & Rajaratnam, S. M. (2020). Mental health, substance use, and suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 pandemic—United States, June 24–30, 2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(32), 1049. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6932a1.htm#suggestedcitation

Methanol—Arizona, S. C. (2020). Mental Health, Substance Use, and Suicidal Ideation During the COVID-19 Pandemic—United States, June 24–30, 2020.

Panchal, N., Kamal, R., & Cox, C. (2021). The Implications of COVID-19 for Mental Health and Substance Use. KFF. Retrieved 9 May 2021, from https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/the-implications-of-covid-19-for-mental-health-and-substance-use/.

Wang, Y., Shi, L., Que, J., Lu, Q., Liu, L., Lu, Z., … & Shi, J. (2021). The impact of quarantine on mental health status among general population in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. Molecular psychiatry, 1-10. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41380-021-01019-y

 

Mental health problems have become a major concern during the pandemic as people are required to quarantine. Mental health problems are affecting all people, including the young and old. Being locked up at home and the inability to interact with other people increases the chances of stress, depression, sadness, and frustration (Panchal et al., 2021). The older people are depressed due to the loss of jobs, yet they have to continue providing for their children. The World Health Organization indicates that about 40 % of seniors record depressive signs. 40 % of the employees exhibit depressive disorder and anxiety signs. According to Wang et al. (2021), depression levels are higher among the quarantined with 13.6 % compared to the quarantined, 9.6 %.

​The study will take place in the United States in the Southern area. The study in America will help study the health system and establish whether people from different ethnic groups can access mental health services equally (Czeisler et al., 2020).

​The data source to determine the need for a program will be sourced from local hospitals, online searches on ways of addressing stress and depression, and emergency calls for people with suicidal thoughts. The data will help determine the extent of the problem and whether people are seeking assistance. The information will help determine the mental health programs based on age and geographical areas.

​Various behavioral factors cause mental health problems. COVID-19 has caused unemployment, poverty and debt, social isolation and loss due to death, factors that lead to stress and depression. Quarantine rules are linked to environmental factors such as sleep deprivation, substance abuse, and smoking which have increased mental health problems among the youths(Methanol—Arizona, 2020). The biological factors that cause mental health problems include prior exposure to trauma. Children from families with a long history of psychiatric disorders are likely to have more stress during the pandemic due to genetic roots.

References

Czeisler, M. É., Lane, R. I., Petrosky, E., Wiley, J. F., Christensen, A., Njai, R., … & Rajaratnam, S. M. (2020). Mental health, substance use, and suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 pandemic—United States, June 24–30, 2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(32), 1049. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6932a1.htm#suggestedcitation

Methanol—Arizona, S. C. (2020). Mental Health, Substance Use, and Suicidal Ideation During the COVID-19 Pandemic—United States, June 24–30, 2020.

Panchal, N., Kamal, R., & Cox, C. (2021). The Implications of COVID-19 for Mental Health and Substance Use. KFF. Retrieved 9 May 2021, from https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/the-implications-of-covid-19-for-mental-health-and-substance-use/.

Wang, Y., Shi, L., Que, J., Lu, Q., Liu, L., Lu, Z., … & Shi, J. (2021). The impact of quarantine on mental health status among general population in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. Molecular psychiatry, 1-10. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41380-021-01019-y

​COVID-19 has led to many people developing mental health problems (Poudel & Subedi, 2020), which may affect their well-being if they don’t have access to services that will improve their mental health. To help people with mental health problems during this period of COVID-19, the health program that will be vital in helping them is health education on avoiding mental health problems.

​The execution of the health education program will be through online classes. A link will be shared with a selected group of people, which they will log in using their phones or laptops. They will be exposed to different health techniques to improve their mental health well-being (Spijkerman, Pots & Bohlmeijer, 2016). Factors that will foster the program’s implementation will be most people are willing to have better mental health, thus the need to get ways to improve their health. Many people being engaged in other activities will attend the online classes. However, the major challenges are that some of the people affected by mental health issues don’t have a reliable internet connection which will affect the effectiveness of delivering education to them. Another challenge is accessing the people and providing them with information about the online classes on mental health.

​The assessment of the social factor impacting public health will be done by assessing the number of unemployed in a given community. Unemployment affects the income generation of many people leading to mental health issues (Bonaccorsi et al., 2020). The environmental factor will be assessed based on the number of people engaged in substance abuse; many people doing drug abuse are prone to mental health problems (Czeisler et al., 2020). The political factors will focus on the restrictions that the government has placed in an area. Government imposing lockdowns in an area creates frustrations since most people are unable to go to work and get income (Bonaccorsi et al., 2020).

References

Bonaccorsi, G., Pierri, F., Cinelli, M., Porcelli, F., Galeazzi, A., Flori, A., … & Pammolli, F. (2020). Evidence of economic segregation from mobility lockdown during covid-19 epidemic. arXiv preprint arXiv:2004.05455.

Czeisler, M. É., Lane, R. I., Petrosky, E., Wiley, J. F., Christensen, A., Njai, R., … & Rajaratnam, S. M. (2020). Mental health, substance use, and suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 pandemic—United States, June 24–30, 2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(32), 1049.

Poudel, K., & Subedi, P. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on socioeconomic and mental health aspects in Nepal. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 66(8), 748-755.

Spijkerman, M. P. J., Pots, W. T. M., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2016). Effectiveness of online mindfulness-based interventions in improving mental health: A review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Clinical psychology review, 45, 102-11

 

Covid-19 has affected the social, economic, and political lives of people (Bonaccor, 2020) . This has led to many people developing mental health issues. Online mental health classes have been formulated to educate the public about mental health(Spijkerman, 2016). The paper focuses on strategies to effectively reach people struggling with mental health issues.

Online mental health classes have been developed to help people struggling with mental issues. However, various problems such as lack of devices and internet connection are a barrier to reaching these people. Using hand-outs is a better strategy of accessing audiences both on the online classes and those who are unable to access the online platform (“Adapting to handouts and visuals,” n.d). Due to restrictions, people cannot be easily accessed. However, these handouts can be placed in stores for example grocery stores. This will make it easy for people to have access to information available on the online class website.

The resources required will include transport means, access to health data about mental health, and employees to help in printing the handouts. Transport means is important is the distribution of the handouts to the various store where people can easily access them. Health data will ensure the information on the handouts is reliable to ensure the material is helpful to the people. Additionally, reliable data will provide methods of dealing with mental issues if one is unable to access a professional (Poudel, 2020). The handout will reflect factual information on environmental, political, behavioral, and cultural factors that play a role in mental health during the pandemic(Czeisler, 2020). Lastly, employees will aid in collecting data from reliable sources and putting it in the handouts

In conclusion, Covid-19 has led to many people developing mental health issues. Online health classes have been begun to help combat these issues. However, due to poor internet connection or lack of mobile phones and computers people affected may not access this information. The use of handouts can help deal with this problem.

References

Adapting to handouts and visuals: Public speaking/Speech communication. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://lumen.instructure.com/courses/218897/pages/linkedtext54281#

Spijkerman, M. P., Pots, W. T., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2016, April). Effectiveness of online mindfulness-based interventions in improving mental health: A review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272735815300623

Bonaccorsi, G., Pierri, F., & Cinelli, M. (2020, April 12). Evidence of economic segregation from mobility lockdown during COVID-19 epidemic. Retrieved from https://arxiv.org/abs/2004.05455

Czeisler, M. E., Lane, R. I., & Petrosky, E. (2020, August 13). Mental health, substance use, and suicidal ideation during the … Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6932a1.htm

Poudel, K., & Subedi, P. (2020, December 10).

 

The proposed program would focus on reducing cases of Covid-19 while ensuring that the citizens will not suffer economic constraints and having all ethical considerations when fighting Covid-19. During the program, the paper will describe how the legislation through congress and senate, regulatory bodies through the executive office, financing through the executive offices, and work development through work agencies will reduce mental consequences due to the Covid-19 pandemic and quarantine.

Congress and the senate house will come up with laws to be followed by the citizens and different agencies in controlling Covid-19 impacts mostly on mental health. For example, these bodies will give laws on appropriations of funds, reorganizing activities to obey ethical considerations, ensuring that existing and new programs report on the progress in matters of mental health among the citizens (Goldman & Druss, 2020). The State courts and Federal courts will help in ensuring that all the relevant bodies conform to the set rules and regulations by the legislative bodies to ensure the security of the citizens (United States Courts, 2020). For example, the program will ensure that no individual will take advantage of the citizens by making money through their programs and must always focus on helping people recover from Covid-19 situations. Failure to follow the set rules and regulations, state and federal courts will give appropriate penalties to the affected.

The executive body through the ministry of health will come up with regulations that guide people on ways to reduce negative mental impacts due to Covid-19 and quarantines. For example, the program will help in reducing loneliness during the quarantine period and have programs that encourage the covid-19 patients on ways to withstand the situation. Ministry of health will also provide the required equipment aiming at reducing the impact of Covid-19 Pan (American Health Organization, 2020)The ministry of finance will give financial aids to new and existing programs that aim at reducing the impact of Covid-19(Government support and the COVID-19 pandemic, 2020).Also, through work development agencies, the executive body will ensure that people continue getting job opportunities despite the measures set aside to fight the disease. As discussed the impact of covid-19 is severe where if the government and other agencies work together will the proposed programs, the situation will be managed easily.

References

“PAHO/WHO Donates Essential Equipment to The Ministry Of Health To Help Fight COVID-19 – PAHO/WHO | Pan American Health Organization”. Paho.Org, 2020, https://www.paho.org/en/news/6-10-2020-pahowho-donates-essential-equipment-ministry-health-help-fight-covid-19.

As Courts Restore Operations, COVID-19 Creates a New Normal. United States Courts. (2020). Retrieved 24 May 2021, from https://www.uscourts.gov/news/2020/08/20/courts-restore-operations-covid-19-creates-new-normal.

Goldman, M., & Druss,, B. (2020). Mental Health Policy in the Era of COVID-19 | Psychiatric Services. Ps.psychiatryonline.org. Retrieved from https://ps.psychiatryonline.org/doi/10.1176/appi.ps.202000219.

Government support and the COVID-19 pandemic. OECD. (2020). Retrieved 24 May 2021, from https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/government-support-and-the-covid-19-pandemic-cb8ca170/.