The assignment is also attached.

Problems need to include all required steps and answer(s) for full credit. All answers need to be reduced to lowest terms where possible.

**Answer the following problems showing your work and explaining (or analyzing) your results.**

- Choose one design method from the list below. Using your example, make a list of 2 or 3 advantages and 2 or 3 disadvantages for using the method. (2 pts)

- Simple random sampling
- Systematic sampling
- Stratified sampling
- Cluster sampling

- Describe the sample design method you will use and why. (2 pts)
- Specify the population and sample group. Will you include everyone who works for the company, certain departments, full or part-time employees, etc.? (2 pts)
- Discuss the bias, on the part of both the researcher and participants. (2 pts)
- A local newspaper wanted to gather information about house sales in the area. It distributed 25,000 electronic surveys to its readers asking questions about house sales in the past 6 months. Of the surveys sent out, 3.2% were returned. The results found that 92% of people
sell their house in the past 6 months and 85% of people would expect a loss if they sold their house. The writer wants to use these results to conclude that the housing market is declining, and we are headed for a recession.*did not* - Explain the bias and sampling error in this study. (2 pts)
- Should the writer conclude that the housing market is declining based upon this data? (2 pts)
- Why or why not? (2 pts)
- A homeowner is getting carpet installed. The installer is charging her for 250 square feet. She thinks this is more than the actual space being carpeted. She asks a second installer to measure the space to confirm her doubt. Write the null hypothesis H
_{o}and the alternative hypothesis H_{a}. (2 pts) - Drug A is the usual treatment for depression in graduate students. Pfizer has a new drug, Drug B, that it thinks may be more effective. You have been hired to design the test program. As part of your project briefing, you decide to explain the logic of statistical testing to the people who are going to be working for you.
- Write the research hypothesis and the null hypothesis. (2 pts)
- Then construct a table like the one below, displaying the outcomes that would constitute Type I and Type II error. (2 pts)
- Write a paragraph explaining which error would be more severe, and why. (2 pts)
- Cough-a-Lot children’s cough syrup is supposed to contain 6 ounces of medicine per bottle. However, since the filling machine is not always precise, there can be variation from bottle to bottle. The amounts in the bottles are normally distributed with σ = 0.3 ounces. A quality assurance inspector measures 10 bottles and finds the following (in ounces):

5.95 |
6.10 |
5.98 |
6.01 |
6.25 |
5.85 |
5.91 |
6.05 |
5.88 |
5.91 |

Are the results enough evidence to conclude that the bottles are not filled adequately at the labeled amount of 6 ounces per bottle?

- State the hypothesis you will test. (2 pts)
- Calculate the test statistic. (2 pts)
- Find the P-value. (2 pts)
- What is the conclusion? (2 pts)
- Calculate a Z score when X = 20, μ = 17, and σ = 3.4. (2 pts)
- Using a standard normal probabilities table, interpret the results for the Z score in Problem 12. (2 pts)
- Your babysitter claims that she is underpaid given the current market. Her hourly wage is $12 per hour. You do some research and discover that the average wage in your area is $14 per hour with a standard deviation of 1.9. Calculate the Z score and use the table to find the standard normal probability. Based on your findings, should you give her a raise? Explain your reasoning as to why or why not. (2 pts)
- Tutor O-Rama claims that their services will raise student SAT math scores at least 50 points. The average score on the math portion of the SAT is μ=350 and σ=35. The 100 students who completed the tutoring program had an average score of 385 points.
- Is the students’ average score of 385 points significant at the 5% and 1% levels to support Tutor O-Rama’s claim of at least a 50-point increase in the SAT score? (2 pts)
- Is the Tutor O-Rama students’ average score of 385 points significantly different at the 5% and 1% levels from the average score of 350 points on the math portion of the SAT? What conclusion can you make, based on your results, about the effectiveness of Tutor O-Rama’s tutoring? (2 pts)