Assignment 2: Final Project Part 3: Final Paper
This week, you will submit your final research paper.
Carefully review the guidelines for the paper covered for the Week 3 Project.
Your final paper must be 6-8 pages in length (body of the paper) plus the title page and reference page. Do not include graphics or images unless you put them in the end matter. Your paper should have an introductory paragraph with a thesis statement as the last sentence in the paragraph, several well-organized supporting paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph that sums of the main points of your paper and demonstrates to your reader that the thesis has been supported with evidence. Here is a checklist to review before submitting your final project:
- Does your paper still support the topic you chose in Week 3?
- Be sure that the thesis statement of the introduction you drafted in Week 3 is still strong enough to support your topic (for more on writing a strong thesis statement visit the Purdue Online Writing Lab). Make edits as necessary. The outline you wrote should help you construct a strong body of paragraphs. Your references should already be APA formatted. Be sure that your final list of references is formatted properly using APA style. Remember to use supporting citations from the textbook and online lectures. (Here is a guide to help you with APA-style citations.)
- Does your essay include a conclusion that summarizes your findings and ideas? Your conclusion must state why you think your chosen topic is relevant to early US history. You can also state why it is important in the study of history to explore this topic.
- Verify that the essay does not use any direct quotes or lists or pictures. The entire paper should be paraphrased material with citations to all facts and references to all citations. Do not list references that do not point to a citation.
Summary of Guidelines
- The body of the paper should be a MS Word document that is no less than six pages in length, double spaced in 12-point font.
- There should be an introduction paragraph with a thesis statement.
- Separate paragraphs should amplify separate, chronological events or concepts in early US history and their relation to your topic. Be sure to point out how the topic remained the same and/or changed over the time period in question.
- The paper should end with a strong conclusion that ties together the information found regarding the topic and discusses why the topic is important.
- References should be listed on a separate page in APA format.
AMERICAN HISTORY BEFORE 1870: COTTON GIN 1
American History before 1870: Cotton Gin
American History before 1870: Cotton Gin
The topic for this project is the invention of Cotton gin. The reason for the choice of this topic is based on the desire to learn about how the American economy came to thrive during the 18th and 19th centuries. It is intriguing that early industrial revolution started in Europe and America later surpassed Europe in production and economic performance. The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney in 1794 and helped in speeding the process of separating the seeds from the fiber. With this topic, we will be able to understand how this invention helped in improvement of production and increase in the exports by the United States, which helped in improving the economy of the United States.
The period after which America gained independence in 1776 up to 1860 is considered as the new nation. During these times, the economy of the United States relied heavily on agriculture. With the introduction of the steamboats and canal building, more areas for agriculture were being founded and farming became expansive. There was production of crops such as rice, cotton, tobacco, among others, which were sold in the local markets and promoted local economy. After independence, farmers concentrated more in increasing their output although there were many challenges such as lack of mechanization, losses during adverse climate, and lack of market to some of their produce. Even with these challenges, this period marked a great milestone in setting the pace for the improvement of America`s economy.
One of the major challenges during agriculture was in the production of cotton. Even though the climate and other factors favored growing of cotton, there was one major problem: separating cotton seeds from fiber. The demand for cotton was growing and even though the cotton plant was being grown widely, the supply could not meet the demand due to the slow process of separating the seed from the fiber. The discovery of the cotton gin in 1794 by Eli Whitney was a major milestone in the production of cotton that increased the production and became a major export of the United States. Notably, the discovery of the cotton gin led to increased demand, which also led to the increase in demand for labor to more production of cotton. As a matter of fact, the discovery of the cotton gin led to a situation that favored slavery due to the increased wealth of the farmers in the south due to the sale of more cotton. The cotton gin did not therefore lead to more production of cotton but also other social issues of interest that have helped shape the United States.
In the larger study of history, it is important to understand how the America`s economy came into being one of the best even when Europe had much influence across the world in the past. Learning about the cotton gin helps us understand how the United States was in a position to position itself in becoming a superpower and taking over the second industrial revolution. The discovery of the cotton gin had ripple effects to the economy and to the society at large, all of which have helped shape United States history.
The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney in 1794 and helped in speeding the process of separating the seeds from the fiber. The discovery of the cotton gin helped spearhead economic production and fueled the second industrial revolution, which contributed to the United States becoming a superpower.
1. After gaining independence, the United States decided to focus more on economic production
· The period after which America gained independence in 1776 up to 1860 is considered as the new nation.
· The new nation created a new front for economic production in the United States
2. The agriculture industry was becoming more popular as the main economic activity
· There was increase in production of rice, tobacco, corn, and cotton for local consumption
The demand for more agricultural produce was a major concern among farmers
3. The discovery of the cotton gin was a game changer in the agriculture industry
· History of Eli Whitney
· Factors that led to the discovery of the cotton gin
4. The cotton gin increased the production of cotton, which was in high demand across Europe
· More farmers were becoming wealthy
· The demand for labor increased slavery
· The discovery of the cotton gin helped spearhead economic production and fueled the second industrial revolution, which contributed to the United States becoming a superpower.
Ashworth, W. J. (2017). The industrial revolution: The state, knowledge and global trade. Bloomsbury Publishing.
Beckert, S. (2015). Empire of cotton: A global history. Vintage.
Gold, H. (2018). Panel Introduction: Labor, Industry, and Technology. Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture, 47(47), 29-32.
Hanlon, W. W. (2015). Necessity is the mother of invention: Input supplies and Directed Technical Change. Econometrica, 83(1), 67-100.
Shi, D. E., & Tindall, G. B. (2016). America: A narrative history. WW Norton & Company.