Discussion

GROUP 7 PRESENTATION REPLY —–Should senior citizens be restricted from driving when they reach a certain age, under certain situations? (120 WORDS)

GROUP 8 PRESENTATION REPLY—–Should older individuals with minimal impairments have driving instructors with them on the road? (120 WORDS)

INSTRUCTIONS:: Please only use source given for each question based on each group presentation.

For this project we have conducted a survey on Driving and Old Age. We interviewed a total of 90 people through Google survey. We did our best to access a wide range of people (in regards to sex, age, occupation, marital status, and education) for our survey so we could obtain general and unbiased results. Each participant in this study consented prior to being surveyed. This survey consisted of four questions which were aimed to get a general understanding of a wide range of peoples’ opinions of elderlies, as well as whether restrictions should be placed in regards to driving at a certain age. It also focused on providing a means of transportation for the elderly, and limiting driving for those with severe mental disorders.

16 -2

1 22

-2 7

28 -3

3 34

-3 9

40 +

40

30

20

10

0

0 25 50 75

Highschool Diploma

Associates Degree

Bachelor’s Degree

Master’s Degree

None

single 57.3%

Married 40.4%

Divorced 2.2%

Car Painter/repairman 20.5%

Student 14.8%

Aftercare Counselor 8%Barista

8%

Unemployed 5.7%

Sales 3.4%

Teacher 3.4%

Assistant Loan Officer 2.3%

Hostess 1.1%

Gym 1.1%

Should there be an age at which a person should be tested yearly in order to maintain a driver’s license? Should there be an age at which people are no longer to drive? These are just two out of the many questions that need to be answered in order to ensure the safety of drivers and pedestrians. As humans grow older, their reaction time slows down which can prevent them from acting quickly in an emergency. Physical and motor decline could also prevent older people from being able to maintain their car in its lane, and it may be difficult to properly turn around when it comes to reversing a car. Elderly people who are bad drivers actually tend to believe that they are good drivers, which is why they do not make any effort to improve their skills or avoid any bad driving habits (Karthaus, M.,Falkenstein, 2016).

Demographics

Methods

DRIVING AND OLD AGE

In total, 61.8% of the participants are female while 38.2% are males.

Our survey had a range of all ages. The majority of the participants were between the ages of 16-21.

A high school degree is the highest level of education completed by our participants.

The majority of our participants, or 57.3%, are single. Only 2.2% of our participants are divorced.

Our participants have many different occupations as well. The largest category being Car Painter/Repairman and Student.

Sex of Participants Age Marital Status

Occupation Highest Completion of degree

 

 

Yes, 80 years or older 21%

Yes, 70 year or older 18.9%Yes, 65 years or older

15.6%

Yes, 60 years or older 11%

No 11%

Other 9.5%

Yes, 75 years or older 8%

Yes, 40 years or older 2%

Yes, 90 years or older 30%No

27%

Yes, 85 years or older 15%

Yes, 75 years or older 10%

Other 5%

Should there be an age at which a person should be tested yearly in order to maintain a driver’s license? (If you answer

yes, put age you think people should get tested)

Should there be an age at which people should no longer be allowed to drive? (if yes, put age you think people should no –

longer be allowed to drive)

0 10 20 30 40 50

Government should provide

Public Transportation (Bus, Train, Taxi, etc.)

Uber or Lyft Car services

Elderly Specific Transportation

Family/Friend Provided

Other

If older adults were to come to a point where they no longer are allowed to drive, half of our participants agreed that public transportation would be a good provident for those individuals. The other half of our participants stated that the government should find a way to provide for those individuals who are no longer allowed to drive. Our participants also almost completely agreed that there should be discounted rates for the elderly no matter what transportation they end up deciding on.

Survey Results

If older adults are restricted from driving, should other types of individuals also be restricted, such as individuals with severe ADHD? (yes or no; you can explain your answer if you want to)

No 58.5%

Yes 34.4%

Other 7.1%

If older adults are not allowed to drive, what means of transportation are to be provided for them (if any)?

Our participants mostly agreed that yes, there should be an age at which a person is tested in order to maintain a drivers license. Some participants said as low as 18 years old should be tested but the majority, 21%, agreed that people around the age 80 and older should be tested to maintain their drivers license.

When asked this question our participants were split pretty close between “yes there should be” and “no there should not be an age that we are no longer allowed to drive”. 27% said “No” while 30% said that “Yes”, around 90 years and older you should no longer be driving.

When provided with this question, the majority of our participants stated that “No”, others should not be restricted from driving., even individuals with severe ADHD. But when given the chance to explain themselves they agreed that as long as an individual can pass the driving exam then they should be able to drive. Another common theme within the answers was that our participants added that a person should be mentally stable in order to be behind the wheel, even if that means they need to be on medication to have that ability.

 

 

1. Do you think individuals older than 65 should have their licenses revoked? Why or Why not?

2.If not having their licenses revoked, should older individuals driving hours be restricted to a certain time of day?

3.Do you think there should be yearly mental health and vision tests for older drivers?

4.Should older individuals with minimal impairments have driving instructors with them on the road?

5.Could specialized shuttles for older individuals be an alternative for transport?

Add a little bit of body text

Age and motor responses and vision abilities have a point of intersection. Besides, mental and visual acuity increases to a certain point and finally shows a falling curve. Driving is a mental and physical process that needs quick motor responses to reduce the risks of accidents. Our survey on the revocation of driving licenses at a certain age shows an increase in percentage from 60. The majority argues that mental checkups should be yearly checked to validate their driving license. In our opinion, individuals aged 65 years should be allowed to drive but under yearly mental and eye checkups (Wright, 2016). Beyond this, these individuals have high experience in the driving industry, including good mastery of roads. Besides, experience is perceived to be the best teacher hence need for experienced drivers. Therefore, there is no need to revoke old drivers’ licenses unless diagnosed with vision or mental challenges. Due to declining visual abilities as age goes by, old drivers should be allowed to drive during day hours only and not for a long distance. Men should be prioritized at old age than women due to differences in physical abilities and body functions (Reid, 2016). Again, yearly mental health and vision tests should be done to ensure they are fit to drive on busy highways. Those diagnosed with difficulties should be dismissed immediately to avoid accidents (Wright, 2016). Furthermore, availing road instructors to aged drivers having minimal impairments is never a solution. Driving requires a stimulus-response connection which is possible when major common senses (sight and hearing ability) are working correctly. It’s impossible to use another person’s senses and respond immediately hence prone to accidents. Again, it’s normal that sight reduces due to age. Involving specially designed vehicles equipped with sight boosting gadgets for an old individual on transport could create a solution at some point. Generally, an alternative solution should ensure those experienced fellows serve the society rather than rendering them jobless through license provocation.

Discussion Questions

Conclusion

 

 

1.Karthaus, M., & Falkenstein, M. (2016). Functional Changes and Driving Performance in Older Drivers: Assessment and Interventions. Geriatrics (Basel, Switzerland), 1(2), 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics1020012

2. Reid, M.L. (2012). Fathers Shaping Child Development, 2nd ed. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt

3. Wright, Chrysalis. Developmental Psychology: Stories in Context. 2017.

Group 8 Members:

References:

Katrina Amaro

Corena Vlahakis

Isabella Rodriguez

Valentina Perez

Nicolas Marquez

Aliyah Dyer

Riley Ware Iv

Robert Comunale

Chelsea Arturo Castro