Exam 4 Study Guide

Chapter 9

Developmental Psychology

Research Methods

· Longitudinal

· Cross-sectional

Prenatal Development

· Germinal, embryonic, fetal

· Threats to development

Physical Growth

· Infancy/toddlerhood

· Adolescence (puberty, egocentrism)

· Middle age (menopause)

· Late adulthood (aging theories)

Cognitive Development

· Piaget’s Theory (schemas, assimilation, accommodation)

· Stages (Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational)

Adolescent egocentrism

Attachment styles (secure, avoidant, anxious)

Parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, neglectful)

Chapter 10

Motivation

· Instinct theory

· Drive reduction theory

· Arousal theory

· Incentive theory

· Cognitive theory

Maslow’s hierarchy

Hunger & obesity

· Anorexia & bulimia

Achievement motivation

Intrinsic & extrinsic motivation

Sexual motivation/orientation

Emotion

· Influences: Brain, ANS

· Facial feedback hypothesis

· Basic emotions

Chapter 11

Five-factor model (“big five”)

Freud’s psychoanalytic theory

· Id, ego, superego

· Defense mechanisms

· Psychosexual stages (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital)

Humanistic theory

· Rogers

Biological theories (brain, neurochemistry, genetics)

Personality Assessment

· Interviews & observation

· Projective (ink-blot)